Luxembourg has no state religion, although the dominant religion is Roman Catholicism. The Constitution allows freedom of religious belief and practice in general, but grants privileges to certain religious groups.

Systemic Discrimination
Mostly Satisfactory

Constitution and government

The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and generally respects this right in practice. There is no state religion.

However, the constitution provides for state payment of salaries and pensions for clergy of those religious groups that sign a convention with the government.

The State only recognizes and offers financial support to the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, the Reformed Protestant Church of Luxembourg, the Protestant Church, the Orthodox Church, the Jewish congregations and pays the salaries of their clergy. Other religious groups do not get church status. The Muslim community has sought formal governmental recognition and funding. According to a government-commissioned report in October 2012, the Catholic Church received 95.6 percent of state funding for religious institutions. A recommendation has been made for a more equal distribution for other faiths.


Approximately 72% of the Luxembourgers adhere to forms of Christianity (68.7% are Catholics, 1.8% are Protestants, while 1.9% adhere to other Christian denominations, especially Orthodox Christianity). 2.6% of the population follow non-Christian religions. 25% of the Luxembourgers are unaffiliated.

Education and children’s rights

Religious instruction in public schools is a local matter, coordinated between representatives of the Catholic Church and 106 communes. There are government-salaried religious instructors at all levels in public schools. Parents and pupils may choose between instruction in Catholicism or an ethics course. Schools grant exemption from this instruction on an individual basis.

Freedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values

The constitution guarantees freedom of expression. Radio Télévision Luxembourg, A single conglomerate, dominates broadcast radio and television. A broad range of opinions are generally represented in newspapers. No restriction is placed on internet access.