Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, the country became Botswana after independence in 1966 and remain a member of the Commonwealth. It has a reputation as a stable representative democracy, following consecutive uninterrupted democratic elections.

Systemic Discrimination
Mostly Satisfactory
Free and Equal
No Rating

Constitution and government

The constitution and other laws mandate a secular state and protect freedom of religion or belief. However, there are widespread state privileges for Christianity and routine bias against the non-religious.

Government meetings often begin with a Christian prayer.

Education and children’s rights

Even though the constitution prohibits forced religious instruction, there is some compulsory participation in religious ceremonies, or taking oaths that run counter to an individual’s religious beliefs.

Religious education is part of the curriculum in public schools. This public education emphasizes Christianity but also addresses other religious groups in the country, while excluding humanists and other non-theists. Additionally, the constitution provides that every religious community may establish places for religious instruction at the community’s expense.

Freedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values

The constitution protects freedom of expression and freedom of association. Botswana has a free and vigorous press. The government does not restrict internet access.