Populous and extremely rich in natural resources, with about 95% of the population identifying as Christian, about half of which being Catholic, DRC has been wracked by civil conflict and massive human rights abuses for decades. The Catholic Church predominates as an institution, comparable to the state itself.

Severe Discrimination
No Rating

Constitution and government

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief and, in practice, the government generally respects this freedom. However, armed conflict in Congo (formerly Zaire) continues to violate fundamental human rights, especially in Eastern regions where the conflict is on-going.

Freedom of expression, advocacy of humanist values

Freedom of expression and freedom of the press are guaranteed by the constitution. But the media are not well developed in Congo. In recent years there have been multiple reports of security forces threatening, detaining, and assaulting journalists critical of government officials. The government has also banned broadcasters who reported on the on-going armed conflict in Eastern Congo. The government does not monitor or censor online communications or restrict access to the internet, but few people have access.