In November 2013, Euromaidan, a series of demonstrations and civil protests demanding closer European integration, began in Kiev. The unrests fed into a conflict with Russia and the eventual annexation of the Crimean peninsula by Russia.

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Constitution and government

Constitutionally, Ukraine protects religious freedom and freedom of worldview and conscience. Article 35 states, “The Church and religious organizations in Ukraine are separated from the State, and the school — from the Church. No religion shall be recognised by the State as mandatory”.

According to the law, the objective of domestic religious policy is to “restore full-fledged dialogue between representatives of various social, ethnic, cultural, and religious groups to foster the creation of a tolerant society and provide for freedom of conscience and worship.”

Education and children’s rights

The law limits the teaching of religion as part of the public school curriculum, though “Ethics of Faith” courses are part of the curriculum.

The All-Ukraine Council of Churches and Religious Organizations (AUCCRO) has urged the government to provide state accreditation of religious schools, which teach theological education.

Family, community and society

Violations by pro-Russian militants

The Human Rights Council reported concerns over human rights violations by non-state actors in Crimea. The annexation of Crimea by Russian Federation in the early 2014 led to a rise of violent activities and human right violations, restrictions on freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly, association, religion or belief:
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There were reports of religious persecution by pro-Russian militants in the self-proclaimed Donetsk People Republic and Lugansk People Republic, the militants killing and persecuting Ukrainian priests and pastors in the separatists-controlled areas of the country:
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In April 2014 the pro-Russian separatists ordered Jews to register in east Ukraine. The Jewish people were asked to provide a list of property they own and to pay registration fee.

Gay rights

LGBT people continue to face discrimination, physical violence and abuse by Ukrainian society. Amnesty International reported several violent activities against LGBT people in Ukraine. A Pride march, which was planned for May 2012 and was cancelled by the organizers, because they received several threats from different groups. Any other LGBT activities were attacked by extremists.